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Click for Joy! Table of Contents

Contents
Foreword:   viii
Introduction:   xii
Chapter 1: About Clicker Training 1
  What is clicker training? 1
  Will it work for my dog? 3
  I'm interested in canine sports. Can a dog be clicker trained for activities such as agility, tracking, competition obedience, flyball, or Schutzhund? 6
  Where can I find a class or private trainer? 8
  I can't find a clicker class. Will it confuse my dog if I attend a class that uses another method? 11
Chapter 2: Equipment 14
  What kind of equipment do I need? 1
  How do I juggle all the equipment? I need eight hands! 18
  Where can I get a clicker? 19
Chapter 3: That Magical Click 21
  What does the click mean? 21
  Do I have to treat after every click? 23
  Does the click have to be followed by a food treat? 25
  Does the click have to end the behavior? 26
  Should I carry the clicker around and click and treat every time I see the dog doing something I like? 27
  Will I have to use the clicker and treats forever? 29
  My dog is afraid of the clicker! What do I do? 30
  My dog doesn't seem to know the clicker means anything except that a treat is coming. How can I teach her that the click is an event marker? 31
Chapter 4: Reinforcement 33
  What can I use to reinforce my dog? 33
  Shouldn't my dog be working for me or for the love of the job instead of for food? 33
  My dog isn't interested in food / is on a restricted diet / is overweight. Can I still clicker train? 37
  What if I can't offer a food treat or if my dog isn't interested in the reward I'm offering? 40
  Does the reward have to follow the click immediately? 42
  If the click ends the behavior, does it matter what the dog is doing when I deliver the reward? 42
  Can I treat without clicking? 43
  All these treats. . . am I spoiling my dog? 43
  How do I move from food treats to praise only? 44
  How soon should I begin doing "two-fers" and "three-fers"? 47
Chapter 5: Getting Started 51
  What is "charging the clicker," and how do I do it? 51
  Is the timing of the click important? How can I improve my timing? 53
  My dog is too food-obsessed to do anything but stare at the clicker and treats. What do I do? 55
  What's a "crossover" dog? 57
  Where should I start? 59
  Do my dog's emotions play any part in training? 61
Chapter 6: Punishment, Mistakes, and Errors 62
  Aren't unpleasant consequences a normal part of learning? 62
  What do I do when my dog makes a mistake? 64
  What do I do if my dog intentionally disobeys a known command? 65
  Shouldn't I tell my dog both what he does right and what he does wrong? 68
  What is punishment? 69
  Are aversives and punishers the same thing? 74
  How do I solve problem behavior? 75
  So let me understand this. Even if my dog is running toward a busy street or about to bite someone, I'm not supposed to use punishment? 77
  I've read that I should mimic wolves to communicate that I'm displeased with my dogs. Is this true? 78
Chapter 7: About Training Sessions 80
  How long should I train at one time? 80
  How often should I train? 82
  Can I train more than one behavior at a time? How many behaviors can I train during one training period? 83
  When I start a training session, my dog "throws" all of the behaviors he knows at me. Am I damaging these behaviors if I don't reinforce them? 84
  Should I keep records? 85
  My dog gets bored easily. What should I do? 86
  I have more than one dog. Can I train them at the same time? 88
  How do I end a training period? 90
Chapter 8: Getting the Behavior 91
  What does "getting the behavior" mean? 91
  What do you mean by "criteria"? 93
  When should I click? (How do I choose my criteria?) 95
  How do I know when to "make it harder"-increase my criteria for training? 97
  I set my criteria, but my dog advanced a lot further than that. Should I raise my criteria accordingly? 99
  How do I begin shaping? 101
  My dog doesn't "offer" behaviors. How can I clicker train? 104
  How do I shape a complex behavior, such as a fast, straight, square sit? 107
  How do I train a chain of behaviors, such as a formal retrieve? 109
Chapter 9: Making the Behavior Perfect 111
  How can I train a behavior before I add the cue? 111
  When and how do I add the cue? 113
  My dog is responding slowly to the cue. How can I get a faster response? 116
  When and how do I fade the clicker? 118
  How do I add duration to a behavior? 119
  How do I add distance to a behavior? 121
  How do I train against distractions? 123
  How do I generalize to different locations and situations? 124
Chapter 10: Reliability and Fluency 128
  Are clicker-trained behaviors reliable? 128
  All this cookie training is great, but how do I teach my dog there are some instances where he has no choice? 130
  I don't simply want to participate-I want to win! Are clicker-trained behaviors precise enough and reliable enough for competition? 132
  You say I can do competition obedience, but I can't use a clicker or food in the ring. How can I clicker train? 134
  What is "fluent" and how do I get there? 135
  How long will it take to train my dog? 138
  At what point does my dog "know" what is being asked of him? 141
Chapter 11: Specific Behaviors 143
  If my dog already knows a behavior, should I use the clicker? 143
  What is targeting, and why should I do it? 144
  How can I get my dog to pay attention to me even in a distracting environment? 145
  How do I train my dog to sit? 150
  How do I train my dog to lie down? 153
  How do I train my dog to come when called? 155
  How do I train my dog to walk on a loose leash? 159
  My dog pulls on leash, and a friend recommended a head halter. Unfortunately, my dog hates it! What do I do? 167
  How do I train my dog to stay? 169
  How do I crate train my dog? 171
  How can I train a behavior not covered here? (Making a training plan.) 128
Chapter 12: Solving Problem Behavior 178
  How do I stop destructive chewing? 178
  How do I stop my dog from barking? 180
  How do I stop puppy mouthing? (Bite inhibition training) 182
  How do I stop jumping? 185
  How do I handle fearful behavior? 187
  How do I handle aggression toward other dogs? 190
  How do I handle aggression toward children, strangers, or other people? 194
Chapter 13: Beyond Training 197
  How do I build a good relationship with my dog? 197
  What is management? How do I "set my dog up for success"? 199
  What are the practical uses of training in everyday life? 200
  My dog is constantly throwing behaviors at me, even when we're not training. How can I stop this? 202
  How can I know when my dog is stressed, and what can I do about it? 203
  How do I socialize a new puppy? 205
  How can I establish myself as the "leader" in my home? 208
Chapter 14: Beyond Method: The Underlying Science 211
  What is operant conditioning? 211
  Are clicker training and operant conditioning the same thing? 215
  What's the difference between punishment and extinction? Which should I use and why? 217
  Sometimes extinction doesn't work. Why not and what should I do? 218
  What's a "no reward marker" (NRM)? 219
  Continuous reinforcement, differential reinforcement, variable reinforcement-what do these terms mean? And how are they relevant for my training? 221
  What is a keep-going signal? 223
  What's a jackpot, and when should I give one? 224
  What's the Premack principle? 225
  What's a satiation curve? 226
Chapter 15: The Future 227
  What's the future of clicker training? 227
  Glossary 229
  Resources 239
  Acknowledgements 243
  Index 245

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